Cosmology has a lot of mysteries.

How can a star in the middle of The Milky Way be older than the universe itself?

My answer is:

Consensus in cosmology is WRONG

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It all support my ideas.

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We all agree that electromagnetism is explaining a lot. If we consider the weak force to be some kind of electromagnetism, at least it could be interpreted as such, then we only have the strong force and gravity to explain.

If we combine the strong force, gravity and the “force” that seems to expand the universe, dark energy, maybe we get somewhere.

How to do that?

If space-time expresses gravity on the subatomic level and “anti-gravity” on the cosmological level, then we only have to find a missing minus sign in our equations.

One big hurdle though. It is based on the speed of light NOT being constant.

This article describes how to revise Einstein. It is not ready for peer review yet, but I thought you should have it here, maybe you could give some mathematical feedback, that solves the last mysteries. It was written in 2009, and never published, due to my own doubts about it.

Due to the mystery of dark energy not being solved, I give this wild goose chase a chance in public.

**Einstein’s Field Equations revised**

By Otto Krog

Is it possible to explain dark energy and dark matter, by assuming that space-time expresses gravitation as well as anti-gravitation (expansion), and by disregarding the cosmological constant?

This theory suggests that space-time not only expresses gravity, but also expansion.

Space-time expresses gravity, no doubt about that. It has been proven beyond doubt.

However, dark matter and dark energy might be explained by postulating that space-time also expresses anti-gravity, the expansion of the universe.

**Space and time**

In the physical universe space is the distance between objects (energy), and time is the measurement of motion between objects (energy).

**Five levels, called the Q’s.**

Instead of using a cosmological constant, space-time expresses expansion on super-atomic level.

This theory is based on the physical universe standard model fields being divided into five levels:

Q0. Absolute zero space and zero time, a point. This is the centre of the proton. In this level space-time expresses absolute infinite gravity. This level is unattainable in the physical universe.

Q1. The subatomic and atomic level. This starts in Q0 and ends in Q2. In this level space-time expresses the entirety of gravitation in the physical universe. This is directly opposed to the usual understanding, that space-time has a very little influence sub-atomically. In this theory space-time expresses gravity sub-atomically in Q0 and Q1, and space-time expresses anti-gravity in Q3 and Q.

Q2. Neutral ground for gravitation and expansion. This is the orbit of the electron. This is neutral ground for gravity. This is the area where there are equilibrium between gravity and expansion.

Q3. The above neutral ground level. Super-atomic level. This level starts in Q2 and ends in Q. In this level space-time expresses expansion or anti-gravitation. Here we have the best observation of electromagnetic fields, as described in Maxwell, and as seen in the light we receive from cosmos.

Q. Absolute infinite space and time. This level is the “point” of infinite space and infinite time. Infinite time is defined as the past, the present and the future. In this level space-time expresses absolute infinite anti-gravitation. This level is unattainable in the physical universe.

Even though we agree that there is no absolute vacuum, we still say that everything is relative to the speed of light in vacuum. The postulate in this theory is that this is not the entire truth. Everything is relative to everything.

Again Einstein was right. He said that the speed of light is constant locally.

Einstein’s general relativity is expressed in

is the Einstein tensor, which expresses the curvature of space-time.

is the stress-energy tensor that describes the density and flux of energy and momentum in space-time.

K is a constant, which is described as:

K is a very small positive number very close to zero, but not zero.

If we take an observation point from Q2, the “neutral ground”, and extend our observation to Q3, what will happen?

Space-time will curve space and afflict time as described in GR.

In Q3, it is evident that we have to have the constant K in the field equation. If we didn’t, space would curve all too much, and gravity would be so immense, that the universe would collapse. But this is only when we observe from Q3. And that is exactly what we do in general relativity. We observe from Q3.

This theory suggests a way to observe from all levels. The postulate in this theory is, that this constant K is the correct one locally, but only when the observation is made from Q3.

In this theory we suggest that in Q0 and Q1, the sub-atomic area, the constant K, approximates infinity.

We also suggest that in Q3 and Q, the super-atomic level, the constant K, is approaching absolute zero.

Q0 and 1. The subatomic and atomic level:

∞

as K ∞

As K approaches infinity, by approaching c, the speed of light, to zero, we move towards infinite gravitation and supercurved space, through Q1 and Q0. This results in a super gravitation in the protons centre. C, the speed of light becomes lower and lower, untill it stops utterly in Q0. This is where space-time expresses gravity. And the gravity is so immense, that it can hold the universe in equilibrium, and be measured as weight.

Q2. The neutral ground level:

GR works, as we know it, when the observation is made from Q2, and we observe Q3.

Q3 and Q. The above neutral ground level:

0

as K 0

As K approaches zero, by approaching c, the speed of light, to infinite speed, we approach infinite anti-gravitation (expansion), through Q3 and Q. This is where space-time expresses anti-gravity. The further you reach into infinite space, c, the speed of light, approximates infinite speed.

In actual fact all these levels work “opposite” the normal way of looking at GR. These equations should therefore be negated on one side of the equation all the way through. The reason it has not been done is due to clarity, but also due to some scientists, that prefers to negate K as a constant.

Einstein’s space-time separation s between two events is:

s2 = x2 + y2 + z2 – c2t2

But, as space-time is reversed in this theory, it becomes:

s2 = x2 + y2 + z2 + c2t2

It makes Einstein even more beautiful.

Q2.

Q3 and Q. 0

as K 0

Space-time will still curve space and afflict time. But by adjusting the constant K, so it approaches zero, by approaching c, the speed of light to infinite speed, space-time expresses expansion, i.e. anti-gravity. The further we go into space the more anti-gravity. Hitherto this manifestation has been attempted to be explained as dark energy.

Space-time will still curve space and afflict time. We adjust the constant K, to approach infinity, by letting c, the speed of light, approach zero. By approaching the centre of the proton, we approach absolute zero space and time. Then space-time expresses super-gravity and super curvature of space. Below the level of the electron, the speed of light slows down, untill it approaches a complete stop in the centre of the proton. The reason the universe doesn’t collapse, is due to anti-gravitation taking place in Q3 and Q.

Thereby the constant, the speed of light in vacuum, becomes a variable in all levels of the universe. In this sector of the universe it is about 300.000 km’s a second. In other galaxies it might be more or less.

Space-time is an expression of gravity in sub-atomic fields.

Space-time is an expression of anti-gravity in super-atomic fields.

Sub-atomically the speed of light approaches zero, whereby space-time expresses super-curvature of space, and super-gravity.

Super-atomically the speed of light approaches infinity, whereby space-time expresses super-anti-gravitation, seen as expansion and acceleration of the universe.

Dark energy is possibly not extra energy, but a result of super-atomic space-time. Q3 and Q accelerate the universe through anti-gravitation, which is an expression of space-time.

Dark matter is possibly a miscalculation, emerged from the wrongly assumption, that the speed of light is constant. When we look at a stellar system that seems to have too much matter, it might not be extra matter that makes the paradox. It might be that the speed of light “out there” is higher or lower, than our postulated speed of light. Then we calculate more or less matter (condensed energy), than we in reality have out there.

The speed of light approaches zero in the “sub-atomic level”. This condition of approached zero light speed, we also find in black holes, and in Lene Hau’s experiments.

The speed of light approaches infinite speed in the “super atomic level”.

Big Bang has to be considered in a different way. The implications of this theory in cosmology will show us a Universe much larger than we hitherto has assumed, and much much older.

This theory is not in any way contradicting Einstein.

It is a theory that expands knowledge of life in both philosophy and in the natural sciences. Philosophers have always talked about infinity as a concept, and so have mathematicians.

Otto Krog

Denmark

May 2009

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]]>The Planck telescope is investigating the CMB (cosmic microwave background) radiation, and has come up with a confirmation of “The Axis of Evil”.

The earlier map of the CMB was called WMAP, and its finding was, that it seemed like the CMB was hotter when we look in one direction, compared to when we look in other directions. See this image:

The blue spot in the bottom is a colder area than the rest. Red is hot, blue is cold.

It is called “The Axis of Evil” because a lot of physicists didn’t like what they saw, as it is quite unexplainable to them. They had hoped that the Planck satellite would find out that it was an error, but instead Planck confirmed the differences in temperature.

You might ask what this has to do with God and antimatter.

For now I will give you a short version.

I believe that electromagnetism was created before atoms, a reversed Big Bang.

Electromagnetism was in its creation instant, and has been slowed down to its speed today, 300.000 km/s

The Universe is much much bigger than we imagine. What we see as the CMB is just how much of the universe we can see with our telescopes today. Behind the CMB, also called the last scattering, there is a whole lot of more Universe. The same physical universe as we inhabit, but the electromagnetism from it, has not reached us.

The hot areas in the map indicates that the speed of light out there is higher than in the cold areas.

If I am right then the cold spot indicates where we should look, if we want to figure out where the center of the Universe might be.

If all these speculations is right, then maybe the rest of my theories also are true. My opinion is that our consciousness exists in separate mental parallel universes, and that you are your own God, in that Universe.

Pretty wild and exiting times for sure.

]]>That is understandable, as it is a simplified explanation. I think that what caused the physical universe (God), we will never know, or at least not know fully.

Nevertheless I base my assumptions on the idea, that we are all God’s and that we are capable of creating an effect.

The original cause created an outburst of infinite energy, going from plus energy to minus energy. When these energies combined, they created standing waves, in the form of atoms. An atom is a standing wave, with the core as the end point. After atoms were created electromagnetism arised, as we know it today. Electromagnetism is the only thing, that we know of, that is its own antiparticle.

Big Bang theories says that antimatter was created in the same amount than matter, but where did antimatter go?

My point is that it went into these separate mental parallel universes, in the form of opposite energy to the energy we observe the most of in our reality, physical matter.

I think that our mental image pictures are conserved in opposite energy, not antimatter. Because, for sure the mental images is not touchable as antimatter is.

I started out this journey into physics 10 years ago by reading a book mentioning re-normalization. In theoretical mathematics the electron has infinite charge. That is bogus, so physicists re-normalized it to become 1 instead, because that is so much easier to work with. I understand, that they did, and agree totally that they did, what else should they have done?

But can we continue doing that, when everything is confusing, and nobody understands what’s going on?

I am at best just a lobbyist for infinity and eternity. Maybe I am dead wrong, but hopefully somebody having the brain to do it, will be inspired and find a mathematical solution to infinity, re-normalization and the strange paradoxes they give.

When Paul Dirac predicted antimatter in the thirties, he did it by finding a missing “minus” in Einstein’s work. There was a square root somewhere, where Einstein only had taken the positive number. Everybody know that the result of a square root always give plus and minus. But even to Einstein it was crazy to think that antimatter could be a possibility. But not so to Dirac. He voiced the idea, and became a Nobel prize winner.

My idea is in the same category. The many world interpretation has this idea that the wave collapse creates new physical universes all the time. To me that is crazy, but I respect those believing in it. My idea is that in all the bogus mathematics, somebody left out a minus sign, or forgot a square root somewhere, or drank too much whiskey. That resulted in the idea that these parallel universes should be physical. I think they have been here all along and that they have opposite energies, and make up for what we see as missing antimatter, and somehow has to do with consciousness. Crazy indeed, but if a mathematician could find the missing minus sign, then he would probably get a Nobel Prize. That is, if it can be shown experimentally, off course. I have ideas to do just that, but I want the mathematics to fit in first. But I can’t, as I go blank every time I see some formulas.

I sincerely hope that I am clear in my expressions, as it is so fu….. difficult to express myself clearly about these matters.

And I love getting comments, also if they try to convince me that I am mad, because honestly, I take the accusation as a compliment.

]]>For many years I have joked about how life on earth arrived. I said that it must have been some high developed civilization, that spread enzymes, proteins and dna unto a planet ready for evolution. The enzymes, proteins and dna were designed to create nature as we see it. The civilization died, and the universe forgot all about us.

Well, it might be that my wild joke could be closer to the truth, than so many other theories.

Read this article about dna possibly being intelligently designed:

]]>The good news is that the many world interpretation now has 18% “voters” in the physics department. That’s much more than ten years ago, I guess.

As you have seen on this blog now for two years, I am having the opinion that antimatter is consciousness, and that we as beings live in parallel universes (many worlds) observing our common creation the physical universe. Particles does not exist, the appearances of particles emerges, when wave functions collapse in the quantum fields.

See my videopresentation here:

]]>If you haven’t seen my videos they are here:

And for my danish friends, I even made it in danish:

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